From Western India, Goa Medical College, Goa recruited subjects. From Eastern part
of India subjects were enrolled from Institute of Child Health, Kolkata and Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar (Fig. 1). The 16 months surveillance study was conducted from April 2011 through July 2012. Children ≤59 months of age presenting with severe acute gastroenteritis (defined Alectinib mw by the passage of ≥3 looser than normal stools with or without vomiting during the preceding 24 h period) and requiring hospitalization for at least 6 h were eligible for this study. An approved informed consent statement for obtaining stool samples was then read and signed by the parents/legally acceptable representatives of the subject, investigator and, when required, a witness. Upon obtaining consent, subjects were included in the study and their stool sample was obtained. Children older than 60 months, and those younger than 60 months but not requiring hospitalization for at least 6 h or whose parents did not consent for stool sampling were not included in the study. Various parameters
considered for clinical assessment of diarrheal severity were: time of onset, duration and maximum number of episodes of diarrhea and vomiting, intensity of fever AG-014699 ic50 and dehydration. These parameters were recorded in a Case Report Form. Severity of diarrhea was assessed using the Vesikari scoring system. As per the Vesikari Score Grading, a grade of 0–5 was considered as mild, 6–10 as moderate, 11–15 as severe and more than and equal to 16 as very severe . Approximately 5 ml of stool sample was collected in stool containers from the consenting subjects either on the day of presentation to MTMR9 hospital or within 48 h of hospital admission so as
to avoid observing hospital-acquired infections. All the stool specimens were stored in a freezer at −20 °C until testing and sufficient care was taken to avoid freeze–thaw cycles. All the collected stools samples were tested for rotavirus VP6 antigen using a commercial enzyme immunoassay kit (Premier Rota clone Qualitative EIA, Meridian Bioscience Inc., Cincinnati, USA) at the respective study centers, in duplicates and with appropriate controls. All the rotavirus VP6 antigen positive stool samples were sent for genotyping from the study centers to the Central Laboratory at Department of Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore under required controlled conditions. Genotyping of all rotavirus positive stool samples was conducted at the Central Laboratory in Vellore. Genotyping was performed by using Reverse-Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). Rotaviruses were classified into G- and P-types based on the variability in the genes encoding the two outer capsid proteins, VP7 and VP4, respectively.