These results also provide evidence that pacing may be related to positive outcomes after treatment.”
“ObjectivesTo (1) report a modified transfixation pin cast technique, using dorsal recumbency for fracture reduction, distal positioning of the pins in the epiphysis and distal metaphysis, and a hybrid cast, combining plaster see more of Paris (POP) and fiberglass casting, and (2) report outcome
in 11 adult horses.\n\nStudy DesignCase series.\n\nAnimalsAdult horses (n=11) with comminuted phalangeal fractures.\n\nMethodsHorses were anesthetized and positioned in dorsal recumbency. The phalangeal fracture was reduced by limb traction using a cable attached to the hoof. Screw fixation in lag fashion of fracture fragments was performed when possible. Transfixation casting was performed using two 6.3mm positive profile centrally threaded pins with the 1st pin placed in the epiphysis of the metacarpus/tarsus at the center of, or slightly proximal to, the condylar fossa and the 2nd one 3-4cm proximal. A
hybrid cast was applied.\n\nResultsForelimbs were involved in 9 horses and the hind limb in 2. Pins were maintained for a minimum of 6 weeks. No pin loosening was observed at the time of removal (6-8 weeks). A pony fractured the distal aspect of the metacarpus at check details the proximal pin. Nine horses survived (82%); none of the horses developed septic arthritis despite the distal location of the distal pin, close to the fetlock joint.\n\nConclusionThis modified transfixation pin casting technique was associated with good pin longevity and could reduce the risk of secondary pin hole fractures and pin loosening.”
“Background: Taking into account find more our rapidly ageing population, older people are of particular interest in studying health inequalities.
The aim of the present study is to examine the relation between socio-economic status and health-related functioning in older people and to find out how material factors (e.g. the lack of basic goods) and psychosocial factors (e.g. low self-efficacy) compare regarding the explanation of these socio-economic differences. Methods: Data came from 5061 Dutch men and women aged epsilon 55 years who participated in the longitudinal Study on Medical Information and Lifestyles Eindhoven (SMILE) study. Baseline data were collected between November 2002 and May 2004 and respondents were followed until May 2009 (123 follow-up range: 0-5 years). Multilevel analyses were used to study the association between educational level and longitudinal changes in physical and mental functioning (i.e. two subscales of the SF-36) and to study the relative contribution of material and psychosocial factors to this relation. Results: Low educational level was associated with poor initial physical and mental functioning. However, no further widening of these gradients was found during follow-up.