55, p < 0.01). The tension-free vaginal tape obturator procedure tape migrated distally with time but remained in the same position relative to the urethra (60th percentile). Concomitant pelvic surgery did not affect the position and motion of the bladder neck or tension-free
vaginal tape obturator procedure tape except for mesh reinforcement anterior colporrhaphy in which the tape was displaced proximally. Postoperatively 5 types of urethral descent in relation to the tape during stress were seen. One type of vertical and 1 type of rotational urethral descent during straining were observed in women in whom surgery failed, while 2 other types of vertical and 1 of rotational descent were not associated with failure.
Conclusions: The dynamic interaction between the tension-free vaginal Wnt inhibitor tape obturator procedure tape and urethra depends on the proximity of the tape and the type of urethral descent.”
patients with neglect, neurological patients with extinction can detect a single event presented at any location. However, when shown two brief near-simultaneous stimuli they only report the ipsilesional item. The question of what inter-stimulus delay leads to maximal extinction has clear clinical and theoretical implications. di Pellegrino et al. [di Pellegrino, G., Basso, G., & Frassinetti, F. (1997). Spatial extinction on double asynchronous stimulation. Neuropsychologia, 35,1215-1223] report that extinction Pritelivir order is maximal when the two stimuli are presented simultaneously, with less extinction when either item has a slight temporal lead.
This finding supports traditional clinical diagnosis (which only presents simultaneous events), and is in accord with theories of extinction that entail individuation of objects (e.g. “”token”" accounts). In contrast, Cate and Behrmann [Cate, A., & Behrmann, M. (2002). Spatial and temporal influences of extinction. Neuropsychologia, 40, 2206-2225] report that extinction Acalabrutinib is maximal when the ipsilesional item is presented slightly prior to the contralesional item. This finding appears to support disengage models of attention. Our aim was to reveal whether the difference between these studies reflects different patients, or different methods. Specifically, we note that the stimuli used by Cate and Behrmann were biased both temporally (more ipsilesional first trials) and spatially (more items presented in ipsilesional field). We examined the performance of nine individuals with extinction, and found that maximal extinction was not influenced by temporal biases, but extinction was modulated by the spatial location of stimuli. This finding reconciles previous studies and offers new insight into this syndrome. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: We assessed preoperative and postoperative urinary symptoms, and determined risk factors for de novo stress urinary incontinence after transvaginal urethral diverticulectomy.