CFB qRT-PCR was performed as described previously 4, using the Un

CFB qRT-PCR was performed as described previously 4, using the Universal Probe Library (UPL♯1, Roche Diagnostics GmbH, Mannheim, Germany). Primers of CFB

were forward: CTCGAACCTGCAGATCCAC; reverse: TCAAAGTCCTGCGGTCGT. The expression of iNOS gene in macrophages was detected by SYBR Green method using the LightCycler® 480 system. The primers of iNOS gene used here were as follows: forward: ggcaaacccaaggtctacgtt; reverse: tcgctcaagtccagcttggt. Expression levels were first normalized to the GAPDH mRNA level and then calculated as fold changes of comparator samples. Three mice from the second experiment (i.e. CRIg-Fc injection from day 18 to day 24 p.i.) were used for immunohistochemistry study. Freshly collected eyes were embedded in OCT medium (Miles). Apoptosis Compound Library Cryosections of mouse eyes were fixed with 2% paraformaldehyde (Agar Scientific, Cambridge, UK) for 15 min buy SB431542 at room temperature. After thorough wash, samples were blocked with 5% BSA for 30 min and were then incubated with biotinylated anti-mouse complement C3d (1:100, R&D System) or goat anti-human CFB polyclonal antibody

(1:100, Santa Cruz Biotechnology, CA, USA), or biotinylated anti-mouse F4/80 (Serotec, Oxford, UK), or rat anti-mouse CRIg (14G6, gifted by Dr. Menno van Lookeren Campagne in Genentech) for 1 h, followed by FITC-conjugated streptavidine or FITC-conjugated anti-goat IgG (both from BD Biosciences, Oxford, UK), or APC-conjugated streptavidine (BD Bioscience) or FITC-conjugated anti-rat Ig (Serotec) for a further hour. Samples were washed and mounted with Vectashield Mounting Medium with PI (Vector Laboratories, Peterborough, UK) and were examined with a LSM510 confocal microscope (Carl Zeiss Meditc, Gottingen, Germany). The effect of in vivo CRIg-Fc treatment on T-cell proliferation was carried on unfractionated spleen cells of IRBP-immunized mice, treated with or without CRIg-Fc (from day 1 to day 22 p.i.). Cells (1×105) were incubated in 96-well plates, unstimulated, or stimulated with 25 μg/mL of IRBP 1–20 for 72 h in complete RPMI 1640 medium (containing 10%

heat-inactivated Verteporfin ic50 FCS, Sigma-Aldrich). Cells were then pulsed with 0.5 mCi/well [3H] thymidine overnight and radioactivity was measured. To test whether CRIg-Fc can suppress cell proliferation in vitro, spleen cells from control EAU mice were incubated in 96-well plates in RPMI 1640 complete medium treated with 2.5 μg/mL of Con A or 25 μg/mL of IRBP peptide in the presence or absence of different concentrations of CRIg-Fc. After 72 h incubation, the cells were pulsed with 0.5 μCi/well [3H] thymidine overnight, and radioactivity was then measured as above. Splenocytes from EAU control or CRIg-Fc-treated mice were cultured with RPMI 1640 complete medium in 96-well plates in the presence or absence of 25 μg/mL IRBP 1–20 peptides for 48 h.

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