E-beam irradiation not only decreased the crystallization temperature of nylon 66, but influenced the mechanism of nucleation and crystal growth and reduced the overall crystallization rate of nylon 66 also. The crystallization activation energy calculated by the Kissinger method for irradiated nylon 66 was
lower than that of pristine nylon 66.”
“Background: Depressive symptoms, often long-term or recurrent, are common among mothers of young children and a well-known risk for child well-being. We aimed to explore the antecedents of the long-term trajectories Aurora Kinase inhibitor of maternal depressive symptoms and to define the antenatal factors predicting the high-symptom trajectories. Methods: The sample comprised 329 mothers from maternity centers. Maternal depressive symptoms were assessed with the Edinburgh Postnatal
Depression Scale (EPDS) antenatally and at two months, six months, 4-5 years, 8-9 years and 16-17 years after delivery. Maternal expectations concerning the baby were assessed with the Neonatal Perception Inventory (NPI). Background information was gathered with questionnaires. Results: A model including four symptom trajectories (very low, low-stable, high-stable and intermittent) was selected to describe the symptom patterns over time. The high-stable selleck kinase inhibitor and the intermittent trajectory were both predicted pairwise by a high antenatal EPDS sum score as well as high EPDS anxiety and depression subscores but the other predictors were specific for each AZD7762 solubility dmso trajectory. In multivariate analyses, the high-stable trajectory was predicted by a high antenatal EPDS sum score, a high EPDS anxiety subscore, diminished
life satisfaction, loneliness and more negative expectations of babies on average. The intermittent trajectory was predicted by a high antenatal EPDS sum score, a poor relationship with own mother and urgent desire to conceive. Limitations: Only self-report questionnaires were used The sample size was rather small. Conclusions: The results suggest a heterogeneous course and background of maternal depressive symptoms. This should be considered in intervention planning. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) is a long-domesticated crop plant of arid and semiarid parts of the world. The efficacy of extracts of prickly pear root for managing diabetes and diabetes complications was evaluated using a variety of in vitro bioassays. The ethyl acetate-soluble fraction was most effective in the prevention of diabetes and its complications via the inhibition of rat lens aldose reductase activity, the formation of advanced glycation end products, and alpha-glucosidase activity. MS and NMR were used to identify the bioactive compound from the ethyl acetate-soluble fraction as 3,5,7,4′-tetrahydroxyflavanone (aromadendrin).