Findings from the SAR and toxicity studies will encourage us to make some modifications on basic structure of the obtained compounds to achieve selective, more active and non-toxic derivatives in ongoing studies. In addition, for further investigations these findings can have a good effect on medicinal chemists to synthesize similar compounds selectively bearing substituent like chloro, fluoro etc. on the tricyclic nucleus. All authors
have none to declare. “
“Allamanda blanchetii A. DC. (Synonym: Allamanda violacea Gardn.), commonly known as purple Allamanda, is an ornamental plant of Allamanda genus in the Apocynaceae family. All parts of the plant are poisonous if ingested. A. blanchetii is commonly used as an ornamental plant. The compounds plumericin, isoplumericin and 5,6-dimethoxycoumarin (unckalin) were previously isolated from A. blanchetii. GSK126 manufacturer 1 Many active phytochemicals have been isolated from the roots as well. 2 As part of our ongoing investigations on medicinal plants of Bangladesh, the crude methanol extract of leaves of A. blanchetii growing in Bangladesh as well as its organic and aqueous soluble fractions were studied for the antioxidant, cytotoxic, thrombolytic, membrane stabilizing
and antimicrobial activities for the first time and we, here in, report the results of our preliminary investigations. The leaves of A. blanchetii were collected from Dhaka, Bangladesh, in May 2012. A voucher specimen (DUSH – 10772) for this plant has been maintained in Dhaka University Salar Khan Herbarium for future reference. The sun dried and powdered leaves ABT-199 price (500 g) were macerated in 1.5 L of methanol for 7 days. The extract was filtered through Tryptophan synthase fresh cotton bed and finally
with Whatman filter paper number 1 and concentrated with a rotary evaporator at reduced temperature and pressure. An aliquot (5 g) of the concentrated methanol extract was fractionated by modified Kupchan partition protocol3 and the resultant partitionates were evaporated to dryness with rotary evaporator to yield hexane (HXSF, 1.5 g), carbon tetrachloride (CTCSF, 1.5 g), chloroform (CSF, 1 g) and aqueous (AQSF, 0.5 g) soluble materials. The residues were then stored in the refrigerator until further use. The total phenolic content of the extractives was determined with Folin–Ciocalteu reagent by using the method developed by Harbertson and Spayd (2006).4 Following the method developed by Brand-Williams et al (1995),5 the antioxidant activity of the test samples was assessed by evaluating the scavenging activities of the stable 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical by using synthetic antioxidants, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and ascorbic acid as positive controls. The total antioxidant capacity of the extractives was evaluated by the phosphomolybdenum assay method.