the normative core features for patient involvem


the normative core features for patient involvement underlying the model prove problematic due to: (i) properties of complex psychiatric genomics research; (ii) the entanglement check details of subjectivity and basic psychiatric science; (iii) universal notions of citizenship and difficulties of delineating the patient in psychiatric genomics research.\n\nConclusion Interaction and dialogue among scientists, patients and family members are possible in fundamental genomics research. The best approach for involvement would seem to be based on the creation of common ground and an evolving dialogue, which the guidelines of the Dialogue Model can provide. The challenge here will be to create also a dialogue on the normative anchor points of the dialogue process and to identify and monitor power

relations inherent in these (tangible) dialogues.”
“The first committed steps of steroid/hopanoid pathways involve squalene synthase (SQS). Here, we report the Escherichia coli production of diaponeurosporene and diapolycopene, yellow C-30 carotenoid pigments, by expressing human SQS and Staphylococcus aureus dehydrosqualene (C-30 carotenoid) desaturase (CrtN). We suggest that the carotenoid pigments are synthesized mainly via the desaturation of squalene rather than the direct synthesis of dehydrosqualene through the non-reductive condensation of prenyl diphosphate precursors, indicating the possible existence of a “squalene route” and a “lycopersene route”

for C-30 and C-40 carotenoids, respectively. Additionally, this finding yields a new method of colorimetric screening for the cellular activity of squalene synthases, which are major targets for cholesterol-lowering drugs. (C) 2013 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Aim : To establish the frequency, associations and risk factors for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in hospital population of South India. Materials and Methods : In this cross-sectional hospital based study, 3549 subjects (2090 men and 1459 women) above 45 years of age were screened randomly for AMD. Participants underwent ocular evaluation and were interviewed for lifestyle variables and dietary intake of carotenoids P005091 by structured food frequency questionnaire. AMD was defined according to the international classifications and grading system. Results : Either form of AMD was detected in 77 (2.2%) participants. Of which, early and late AMD was present in 63 (1.8%) and 14 (0.4%) subjects, respectively. Binary logistic analysis showed that the incidence of AMD was significantly higher with increasing age (Odds ratio [OR] 1.17; 95% CI 1.13-1.22) and diabetes (OR 3.97; 95% CI 2.11-7.46). However, AMD was significant among heavy cigarette smokers (OR 5.58; 95% CI 0.88-7.51) and alcoholics (OR 4.85; 95% CI 2.45-12.22). Dietary lutein/zeaxanthin (L/Z) and -carotene intake were associated (P smaller than 0.

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