In a clinical study, the rates of deep SSI were compared between

In a clinical study, the rates of deep SSI were compared between 188 patients who underwent procedures involving spinal instrumentation without AFS (group 1) and 196 patients who underwent procedures involving spinal instrumentation with AFS (group 2).

All five pieces of vancomycin-impregnated fibrin sealant and the five nuts treated with the sealant exhibited antimicrobial efficacy, while the

five untreated nuts did not exhibit antimicrobial efficacy in the agar diffusion test. In the clinical study, 11 (5.8 %) of the 188 patients in group 1 acquired a deep SSI, while none (0 %) of the 196 patients in group 2 acquired a deep SSI.

The present study demonstrated that the application of AFS to spinal instrumentation yielded good clinical outcomes in terms of the prevention of postoperative spinal infections. It is hoped that limiting AFS use to patients requiring spinal instrumentation and those with risk GSK1210151A cost factors for SSI will reduce the overall costs while preventing SSIs.”
“BACKGROUND: Bronchial anthracofibrosis is a condition of proximal airway narrowing or obliteration and hyperpigmentation in persons with or without a history of occupational dust exposure. It is a bronchoscopic

finding that is not uncommonly associated with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in residents of South Korea, Iran and India. It is largely unrecognized in the Western world.

METHODS: We report the frequency buy Selumetinib of anthracofibrosis in foreign-born PTB patients who underwent bronchoscopy in two cities of Canada. We describe the composition of the pigment in the lungs of patients and speculate on the pathogenesis of anthracofibrosis-associated PTB.

RESULTS: Anthracofibrosis was present in 10/60 (16.7%) foreign-born patients who underwent bronchoscopy and had PTB between 2002 and 2006. Compared to patients from other Asian countries, patients from the Indian subcontinent were more likely to have anthracofibrosis (9/18, 50.0% vs. 1/26, 3.7%, P

< 0.001). Carbonaceous particles, silica and silicates predominated in tissue specimens. Proximal airway narrowing appeared to be secondary to mixed dust- and smoke-related anthracofibrosis, PTB, KU55933 concentration or both.

CONCLUSIONS: Anthracofibrosis is not uncommon in immigrants to Canada from the Indian subcontinent with PTB. PTB may be a responsible or complicating condition in patients with anthracofibrosis.”
“To investigate the safety and therapeutic effects of mono-segmental pedicle instrumentation (MSPI) in treating thoracolumbar burst fracture (AO classification: A3.1 and A3.2).

A retrospective analysis was conducted on 60 cases with thoracolumbar burst fracture (AO classification: A3.1 and A3.2) between April 2005 and February 2010. Half of the 60 inpatients were treated with MSPI, and the other half was treated with short-segment pedicle instrumentation (SSPI).

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