(2009). According to the competitions analysed, it seems that the tactics adopted by the male tri-athletes during the cycling segment tend to be conservative. Also, it could be that it is more difficult http://www.selleckchem.com/products/crenolanib-cp-868596.html to create circumstances where breakaways reach the running segment with a clear advantage. In addition, the performance level in the cycling segment may be very similar for all the participants, and the fact that there is little collaboration or teamwork may be the reason why breakaways rarely happen. New studies analysing trends during the cycling part in the current format of the World Championship Trial Series competition are needed for further understanding. Determining the duration of each part of the race (swimming, T1, cycling, T2 & running) was the second aim of the present study.
The results show that the average total time found for the men��s Olympic Triathlon competition is similar to the values obtained by other investigations (Landers, 2002). Also, highly significant differences were found for the swimming segment between the present study and the previous ones. Faster swim times were obtained this time, so it seems that the current swim performance is higher nowadays. The average time to complete the cycling segment was similar to the ones reported by other studies. However, the references in the literature analysed events where drafting during cycling was not allowed, so this segment could cause greater fatigue prior to the running segment (Paton and Hopkins, 2005). Finally, the average times for the running segment did not show significant differences.
Comparisons between male winners and all participants were carried out. The results showed highly significant differences for the running time, and significant differences for the total duration of the race (Table 3). As it occurred with absolute times, the running segment showed the greatest difference between the winners and the rest of the participants, indicating that the performance in this segment has a greater impact on the final result. Considering the fact that the swimming/cycling segments offer the possibility of swimming/riding in a pack, and that the level of the participants are very similar, the time differences appear in the last segment. Running in a group has less biomechanical and physiological effects than in the other two segments, and the preceding fatigue has a very significant influence.
These findings represent an important difference with the other triathlon modalities where drafting is not allowed during the cycling (e.g. the Ironman). Therefore, GSK-3 the analysis of the competition and final performance factors are different from the Olympic-distance Triathlon competition (Paton and Hopkins, 2005; Bentley et al., 2007). Conclusions Losing less time during T2 has been demonstrated to be related to obtaining a better placing at the end of an Olympic-distance triathlon.