Each matrix shows the appearance of possible combinations (see al

Each matrix shows the appearance of possible combinations (see also Table 2), plus the ternary mix R/F/ E. coli on NAG below. Tetrahedral schemes show dominance/submissivity relation for each combination; arrows widen towards the more dominant partner. a On NAG, F, R, and E. coli play the rock-paper-scissors game, and the same holds for the combination M, R, and E. coli. Two remaining triangles show absolute dominance of F or R in particular settings b On MMA, E. coli and M dominate the field, whereas F is the absolute loser towards all partners. Smiley – no growth of F colonies. c Interactions of chimeras with colonies on NAG. (simultaneous planting to a distance of 5 mm, chimeras to

the left, day 7). d Growth of suspension mixes in NBG – proportions of particular morphotype. Figure 7 Induction of growth of F colonies on minimal

medium (MMA) by maculae: a R macula; b M macula; c E. coli macula. learn more (Day 7) Middle row: macroscopic appearance, top and bottom row – magnified details (see inserts the macroscopic structure). Note the smooth, non-interactive edges without scouts. d Helper colony of E. coli (arrow) in center of dense sowing of F. (Day 7). Bars: 1 cm in all macro-, 100 μm in all micro-photographs. Unexpectedly, RG-7388 in vivo however, the F morphotype is also able to grow on MMA when a “helper” in the form of a non-F body grows nearby (Figure 7): in such a case, it gives rise to small, MK5108 price smooth, white colonies that do not produce scouts or X structures. The adjacent edges of non-F macula and F colony, whether growing or not, appear sharp, and dispatch no scouts (Figure 7; compare below to Figures 5, 8-10). There is also a difference in colony yield: An inoculum giving 50–100 colonies/cm2 on the NAG substrate, will Endonuclease give rise, on MMA, to only 5–10 colonies/cm2, and only at a distance of about 2 cm from the helper colony (Figure

7d). Figure 8 Interaction of homospecific neighbor colonies. a R colonies; b F colonies at two different distances; photos of adult colonies (Day 10). In micro-photographs (i-iv) only adjacent faces are shown; the distal faces of the colony are similar to fully developed controls shown in Figure 1a, b. Figure 9 Mutual sensing of F and E. coli colonies. a At time 0, both partners were planted simultaneously at two different distances. Negative values: F planted to E. coli colonies one (−1) or two days old (−2). Positive value: E. coli planted to F colonies 2 and 6 days old (note the different magnification at lower left; arrow shows rudiment of E. coli). Day 10 after planting E. coli . Micro-photographs taken from areas indicated. b Interaction on MMA, planting distance 3 mm; dashed line delineates the contours of both colonies. (Day 7). Figure 10 Mutual sensing of R and E. coli colonies. a At time 0, both partners were planted simultaneously 5 or 15 mm apart. Negative value: R planted to E. coli colony one day old. Positive value: E. coli planted to R colony 1 and 2 days old. Day 10 after planting E.

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