The concentrations of several nutritionally
desirable compounds (beta-lactoglobulin, see more omega-3 fatty acids, omega-3/omega-6 ratio, conjugated linoleic acid c9t11, and/or carotenoids) decreased with increasing feeding intensity (organic outdoor >= conventional outdoor >= conventional indoors). Milking system intensification (use of robotic milking parlors) had a more limited effect on milk composition, but increased mastitis incidence. Multivariate analyses indicated that differences in milk quality were 3 mainly linked to contrasting feeding regimens and that milking system and breed choice also contributed to differences in milk composition between production systems.”
“Background: Bronchial asthma is the most frequent chronic childhood disease and can have a marked impact on educational development,
activities and quality of life. The AIRMAG survey provides an opportunity to assess asthma and its impact in children in North Africa. Objective: To describe the prevalence, burden and management of asthma in children in the Maghreb.\n\nMethods: A general population sample was generated using a stratified sampling method based on randomly-generated lists of telephone numbers. The target sample consisted of 10 000 households in each country, which were contacted by telephone. A structured interview was proposed. click here Two screening questions were asked to identify subjects with asthma. Children who met these criteria were then questioned in more detail. about their asthma.\n\nResults: Of 30350 households contacted, 1090 subjects with asthma were identified,
of whom 248 were aged under sixteen and interviewed by proxy. The prevalence of paediatric asthma ranged from BGJ398 3.5% in Tunisia to 4.4% in Morocco. 22.8% of children were rated as severe persistent and 30.9% as intermittent. Asthma control was adequate in 7.6% of children and unacceptable in 46.2%. Control was best in Tunisia and worst in Morocco. 12.2% had been hospitalised for their asthma in the previous year and 32.9% had needed to attend an emergency department. Short-acting beta-agonists were used by 52.8% of children and prophylactic inhaled corticosteroids (atone or in association with long-acting beta-agonists) by 27.0%.\n\nConclusions: Asthma has a major impact on the lives of children with asthma in the Maghreb. This could be improved by offering more appropriate care as recommended in the GINA guidelines. (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier Ltd.”
“Algorithm-based exposure assessments based on patterns in questionnaire responses and professional judgment can readily apply transparent exposure decision rules to thousands of jobs quickly. However, we need to better understand how algorithms compare to a one-by-one job review by an exposure assessor.