J Phys: Condens Matter 2011, 23:434001.CrossRef 40. Chelikowsky JR, Troullier N, Saad Y: Finite-difference-pseudopotential method: electronic MLN2238 structure calculations without a basis. Phys Rev Lett 1994, 72:1240.CrossRef 41. Hirose K, Ono T, Fujimoto Y, Tsukamoto S: First-Principles Calculations in Real-Space Formalism. London: Imperial College Press; 2005. 42. Knowles PJ, Cooper B: A linked electron pair functional. J Chem Phys 2010,
133:224106.CrossRef 43. Trail JR, Needs RJ: Smooth relativistic Hartree–Fock pseudopotentials for H to Ba and Lu to Hg. J Chem Phys 2005, 122:174109.CrossRef Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions find more HG conceived, planned this study, carried out the coding of the computation program, and drafted the manuscript. MK and KH participated in the discussions on the basic theory of the present method. AS performed tunings of the code and made all of calculations. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background One of the key factors in the field of spintronics is the spin filter effect, which plays a fundamental role as the spin-polarized current source in devices such as spin-field-effect transistors and single solid-state qubits. The carbon-related nanostructures have recently been fabricated
experimentally and explored theoretically AZD1390 chemical structure to clarify magnetic ordering mainly in the zigzag edge of graphene [1–3]. These nanostructures are very attractive to the spin filter materials due to the remarkable long-spin
coherence distance and high carrier mobility. On the other hand, some groups proposed the spin filter effect using quantum dots [4, 5]. When the quantum dots are formed, the movements of electrons are allowed in two-dimensional gas. The movements are then restricted to zero dimension Thymidylate synthase by an external field and the insulator around the quantum dots. If the small carbon flakes with a zigzag edge surrounded by an insulator have ferromagnetic ground-state electronic structures, this situation of carbon atoms resembles closely that of the quantum dots mentioned above. Okada et al.  studied the electronic structure of the two-dimensional triangular graphene flake surrounded by a hexagonal boron nitride sheet, which is called the BNC structure, and clarified that the zigzag edges of the graphene flake caused the magnetic ordering. Thus, the BNC structure has a large potential for the spin filter effect materials. However, in order to employ the BNC structure for the spin filter application, it is important that these BNC structures exhibit large magnetic moments and high spin-polarized transport properties when the BNC structures are connected to electrodes. In the previous study , we investigated the electronic structure and transport property of the BNC structures proposed by Okada et al.