On multivariate analysis, significant risk factors for sentinel node identification failure were found to be: axilla/lesion radiotracer uptake ratio less than 1%, radiotracer uptake localization in internal mammary lymph nodes, and luminal A subtype. Considering only the preoperative variables in our multivariate
analysis, axilla/lesion radiotracer uptake ratio less than 1%, negative lymph node scintiscan, and radiotracer uptake localization in internal mammary lymph nodes had an area under the curve (receiver operating characteristic curve) of 96% (95% confidence interval 92-100%). Further, we built a nomogram based on these simple parameters for counseling the patient about the probability of not finding the sentinel lymph node during the surgical SN-38 concentration procedure.\n\nConclusion\n\nThe relatively low prevalence of SLNB failure (2%) is indicative of the accuracy of the procedure when performed by experienced surgeons. The sentinel node identification failure in our population seemed to be related to biological tumor factors (luminal A subtype) and probably
to Poziotinib nmr physiological or pathological variations in the lymphatic drainage (axilla/lesion radiotracer uptake ratio<1% and radiotracer uptake localization in internal mammary lymph nodes). (C) 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.”
“P>The accuracy of bacterial culture and PCR for Salmonella in swine was examined through systematic review of existing primary research in this field. A replicable search was conducted in 10 electronic databases. All steps of the review were conducted by two reviewers: to
identify relevant publications, to assess their methodological soundness and reporting, and to extract raw data or reported test accuracy estimates. Meta-analyses and meta-regression were performed: to evaluate pooled estimates of test sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp), to identify variables explaining the variation in reported test estimates, and to evaluate the association between these variables and reported test Se and Sp. Twenty-nine studies were included this website in the review. Unique test evaluations reported in these 29 studies were categorized according to the type of test comparison: culture versus culture (n = 134 test evaluations) and PCR versus culture (n = 21). We identified significant heterogeneity among evaluations for each test category. For culture, more heterogeneity was caused by differences in individual test protocols (52%) than overall differences between studies (16%). Enrichment temperature, study population, agar and enrichment type were significantly associated with variation in culture Se. Furthermore, interaction between enrichment temperature and enrichment type was detected.