Seventeen (56.6%) were women. Age, BMI, and duration of diabetes were 48 +/- 9 years, 33.7 +/- 1.2 kg/m(2), 4 +/- 2.9 years, respectively. No mortality IPI-145 in vivo was observed. No conversion/reoperation was needed. Average length of stay was 3.2 +/- 0.9 days. Early and late postoperative complications were observed in five (16.6%) and five (16.6%) patients, respectively. Twelve months after surgery, remission was observed in 25 of 30 patients (83.3%). After 2 years, remission was achieved in 13 of 20 patients (65%), and hemoglobin A1c decreased from 8.1 +/- 1.8% to 5.9 +/- 1.1% and
homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance from 5.7 +/- 3.2 to 1.9 +/- 0.8 after 12 months. RYGB is a safe and effective procedure to induce T2DM remission in otherwise ACY-738 not eligible patients for bariatric surgery. Evidence from prospective studies is needed to validate this approach.”
“Objective. The aim of this study was to determine the function of newborn nurses given at newborn feeding in the newborn units of public hospitals in Konya, Turkey, besides it was also to determine the effect of nurses which had short-term training, aka education, in practice and in theory.
Methods. This was an experimental study conducted with a total of 50 newborn nurses between 15 September 2004 and 30 February 2005. In collecting the data, a survey sheet including the demographic characteristics
of newborn nurses and their knowledge on newborn feeding was applied, along with another remark form that shows clinical practices about newborn feeding.
Results. Considering the nurses, their knowledge mean score ‘after education (AE)’ was calculated to be 72.4 +/- 10.4, which
was significantly higher than that of ‘before education (BE)’, which was 58.0 +/- 9.3, (p < 0.05). Likewise, the implementation mean score of these nurses AE (57.2 +/- 4.9) was also found higher than the mean score BE (54.4 +/- 5.0) (p < 0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the posteducation mean scores of nurses for the number of children they had, and for the hospital they work.
Conclusion. In this study, it was determined that the nurses had knowledge deficits about newborn feeding both in theory and practice, but after a short educational program on newborn feeding their theoretical GM6001 and practical knowledge had shown increases.”
“The influence of creatine (Cr) supplementation on cortical and trabecular bone from ovariectomized rats was studied using FT-Raman spectroscopy. The intensity of organic-phase Raman bands was compared to mineral phase ones. Twenty-one female Wistar rats aged 3 months were divided into three groups (n = 7 per group): ovariectomized (OVX), ovariectomized treated with creatine (CRE) and sham-operated (SHAM) groups. Creatine supplementation (300 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) was provided for 8 weeks, starting 12 weeks after ovariectomy.