The completed first-dimensional strip was subjected to 2-D SDS-PA

The completed first-dimensional strip was subjected to 2-D SDS-PAGE with 12.5% acrylamide gel. Separated proteins were stained by silver staining as mentioned above. Cloning and expression

of recombinant HADH A 1311-bp LIC13300 DNA fragment was amplified using oligomers LIC13300-F 5′-GGAATTCCATATGAGAGAAATCAAAACAGTAACAG-3′ and LIC13300-R 5′-CCGCTCGAGTCCTTTGAAAAGTGAACGAGC-3′ designed based on L. interrogans serovar Copenhageni genome sequences (GenBank accession YP_003205). PCR was performed with KOD plus ver. 2 PCR kit (Toyobo, Osaka, Japan) from strain K64. Cycling conditions were: 95°C, 5 min, followed by 40 cycles at 95°C, 1 min, 50°C, 1 min, 68°C, 2 min, and a final extension cycle of 5 min, 68°C. PCR product was digested with NdeI and find more XhoI (Roche, Basel, Schweiz), ligated to NdeI- and XhoI- digested expression vector, pET-28a (+) (Novagen, San Diego, CA). The ligated plasmid was amplified in E. coli DH5α and purified using Midi PlusTM Ultrapure Plasmid Extraction System (Viogene, Taipei, Taiwan). After confirming the presence of correct inserts by sequence analysis, the plasmid was transformed

in E. coli (DE3). Cultures were grown Sapanisertib in vitro to OD600 = 0.5 and protein expression was induced with 1 mM isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside GNA12 (IPTG), and incubated at 25°C overnight. His-tagged LIC13300 recombinant protein (rHADH) was purified under native

conditions with TALON® Metal Affinity Resin (Clontech) as previously described [59]. Antiserum against rHADH One female Japanese white rabbit (Biotek. Co.,Ltd., Japan) weighing 1.5 kg was immunized subcutaneously with 30 μg of the recombinant protein. The rHADH was mixed with an equal volume of complete S3I-201 datasheet Freund’s adjuvant (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) to make an emulsion. Four subsequent booster injections were given at two-week intervals in the same way, by using incomplete Freund’s adjuvant (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO). One week after the final immunization, the blood of rabbit was collected through cardiac puncture and the serum was analyzed by immunoblotting. Immunoblotting Proteins separated by SDS-PAGE were transferred to an Immobilon-P transfer membrane (Merck Millipore, Billerica, MA, USA) and blocked with 1% (wt/vol) nonfat dry milk (WAKO, Osaka, Japan) in TBS-0.05% Tween 20 (TBS-T). The membranes were incubated overnight at 4°C with polyclonal antibody produced against live whole cells of L. interrogans serovar Manilae (anti-L.

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