This programme lasted 12 weeks, composed of at least three sessio

This programme lasted 12 weeks, composed of at least three sessions per week. Fitness workouts lasted from 25 to 30 minutes. The women completed their basic personal information, the Brief Pain Inventory Short Form, and the Family Exercise Support Attitude Questionnaire.\n\nResults: after adjusting for demographic data and antenatal exercise status by propensity scores, experimental-group women who participated in the antenatal stability ball exercise programme reported significantly less low back pain and daily life interferences than the control group at 36 weeks of gestation.\n\nDiscussion: the inclusion of stability ball exercises

during pregnancy may reduce pregnancy low back pain and boost daily life functions. This stability ball exercise programme provides health-care professionals with an evidence-based intervention. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Background: The SC79 ic50 location of the lateral osteotomy cut during bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) varies according to the surgeon’s preference, and no consensus has been reached regarding the ideal location from the perspective of biomechanics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mechanical behavior of the mandible and screw-miniplate system among three lateral osteotomy designs for BSSO by using three-dimensional (3-D) finite

element analysis (FEA).\n\nMethods: The Trauner-Obwegeser (TO), Obwegeser (Ob), and Obwegeser-Dal Pont (OD) methods were used for BSSO. In all the FEA simulations, the distal segments were advanced click here by 5 mm. Each model was fixed by using miniplates. These were applied at four different locations, including along Champy’s lines, to give 12 different THZ1 FEA miniplate fixation methods. We

examined these models under two different loads.\n\nResults: The magnitudes of tooth displacement, the maximum bone stress in the vicinity of the screws, and the maximum stress on the screw-miniplate system were less in the OD method than in the Ob and TO methods at all the miniplate locations. In addition, Champy’s lines models were less than those at the other miniplate locations.\n\nConclusions: The OD method allows greater mechanical stability of the mandible than the other two techniques. Further, miniplates placed along Champy’s lines provide greater mechanical advantage than those placed at other locations.”
“Apateodus Woodward (Teleostei: Aulopiformes) is a Late Cretaceous bony fish that is known by only a few cranial specimens. Oil the basis of a previously Unreported partial skeleton of Apateodus from the Smoky Hill Chalk Member (lower Campanian portion) of the Niobrara Chalk in western Kansas. U.S.A., here, we emend the diagnosis for the genus and describe a new species, A. busseni.

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