Unbound probes were removed by washing three times with PBS Afte

Unbound probes were removed by washing three times with PBS. Afterward, these cells were imaged under a fluorescence microscope (TS100, ×400, Nikon Co., Tokyo, Japan) I-BET151 concentration and laser scanning confocal microscope in oil immersion objective (Nikon A1si+, ×1,000). After attaining the fluorescence images, the gastric cancer cells were dissociated from the glass culture dish and sectioned as routine for TEM imaging. BRCAA1 antibody- and Her2 antibody-conjugated QDs for targeted imaging of gastric cancer cells

in vivo To quantitatively analyze the fluorescence intensity from PQD-labeled MGC803 cells, macro fluorescence images were acquired using PQD-labeled MGC803 cells which were diluted with PBS to a final concentration from 2 × 102 to 2,048 × 102 cells/200 μl. Afterward, 200 μl of the prepared cell solutions were added to polystyrene TC-treated 96-well microplates (Corning® Life Sciences, Corning, NY, USA, #3603). Fluorescence intensity was measured in a Bruker In-Vivo F PRO system (Bruker Corporation, UK), and the resulting background-corrected data was curve fitted to single exponentials. Signal curve fitting was done using the software Origin (OriginLab, Northampton, MA, USA; http://​www.​originlab.​com/​). All of the following animal studies complied

with current ethical considerations: Approval find more (SYXK-2007-0025) of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Shanghai JiaoTong University (Shanghai, China) was obtained. Nude mice (male, 18 to 22 g, 4 to 5 weeks old) were obtained from the Shanghai LAC Laboratory Animal Co. Ltd., Chinese Academy of Sciences (Shanghai, China, SCXK2007-0005), and housed in a SPF-grade animal center. Pathogen-free athymic nude mice were housed in a vivarium accredited by our University. Male athymic nude mice (4 to 6 weeks old) were used to establish subcutaneous gastric cancer models; 1.5 × 106 MGC803 cells suspended in 100 μl DMEM were subcutaneously injected into the left anterior flank

area of each mouse. Four weeks later, tumors were allowed to grow to approximately 5 mm in diameter, and the prepared Her2 antibody-conjugated QDs (red, emission peak 657 nm) were injected Abiraterone cost into the mice via the tail vein for 6 h. Whole-animal imaging and ex vivo organ imaging were performed using the Bruker In-Vivo F PRO system. The excitation and emission filters were set to 410 and 700 nm (band pass, ±15 nm), respectively, and exposure time was set to 3 s. Collected images were analyzed using the this website ImageJ software (NIH ImageJ; http://​rsb.​info.​nih.​gov/​ij/​), which uses spectral unmixing algorithms to separate autofluorescence from quantum dot signals. Results and discussion Characterization of synthesized CdSe, CdSe/ZnS QDs, and PQDs Different from our previous reports [3, 32], the liquid paraffin and HDA were used as organic cosolvent to prepare the core CdSe QDs in this study.

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