07). Fourteen bacterial classes were differentially abundant between ws and ps (FDR ~0.06), most notably Clostridia, which was www.selleckchem.com/products/Romidepsin-FK228.html enriched for in ws. Both fruit surface environments were enriched
for Gammaproteobacteria. Despite the differences observed between water sources, no significant differences were found between the two fruit surface environments (this includes an attempt in which the ps4 outlier was removed). At the genus level, significant differences were found between water sources, with 30 genera showing differential abundance (P < 0.05). Table 1 lists the bacterial genera among these representing 1% or more of the sequences in either of the water sources analyzed. Fruit surface environments were highly variable and no significant differences were detected for the high abundance genera, which included Pantoea, Enterobacter, Sphingomonas, Thiazovivin molecular weight Leuconostoc, Pseudomonas and Burkholderia (Additional file 2). The less abundant genera Paenibacillus, Stenotrophomonas, Bacillus and Lactococcus were more abundant in pg, while Frigoribacterium, Herbaspirillum, Rickettsia, Wautersiella and Cloacibacterium were more abundant in ps. None of these genera represented more than 0.2% of
the population. Table 1 Bacterial genera with differential abundance in ground and surface water sources. Genus Groundwater Surface water p-value Mean St. error Mean St. error Acidovorax 0.018 0.005 0.001 0.001 0.039 Burkholderia 0.744 0.046 0.001 0.000 0.001 Clostridium 0.001 0.001 0.014 0.003 0.024 selleck inhibitor GpIIa 0.000 0.000 0.011 0.002 0.017 Ilumatobacter 0.000 0.000 0.011 0.003 0.025 Methylocystis 0.009 0.002
0.082 0.007 0.007 Mycobacterium 0.001 0.000 0.032 0.008 0.035 Polynucleobacter 0.000 0.000 0.016 0.001 0.008 Ralstonia 0.016 0.003 0.000 0.000 0.021 Spartobacteria_genera_incertae_sedis 0.000 0.000 0.078 0.009 0.010 Unclassified 0.110 0.021 0.684 0.019 0.000 Average relative abundance of sequences assigned to that genus (Mean), standard error of the corresponding average (St. error) and p-value describing the significance of the differential abundance observed between the two populations, for genera representing at least 1.0% of the sequences in Tyrosine-protein kinase BLK either of the water sources. The computed FDR of these genera is 0.05, thus we expect that less than 1 of the 11 represent false positives. A statistical comparison of the 2008 and 2009 fruit surface samples (not considering variability between 2009 replicates) indicated that in both the 454 and Sanger data, Bacilli is enriched in the ps samples, and Gammaproteobacteria is enriched in pg (Figure 2A). At the genus level, Pantoea showed high abundance in both years (Figure 2B). Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Sphingomonas and Burkholderia were more predominant in the 2009 samples, while a larger proportion of the 2008 sequences remained unclassified.