Dussurgey and T Andrieu) of the SFR Biosciences Gerland-Lyon Sud

Dussurgey and T. Andrieu) of the SFR Biosciences Gerland-Lyon Sud (UMS3444/US8), the Laboratoire P4-Jean Mérieux team for access to BSL4 facilities, and T. Walzer for helpful discussions. The authors declare no financial or commercial conflict of interest. “
“Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 9 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA Crosslinking of Fc γ receptor II B (FcγRIIB) and the BCR by immune complexes (IC) can downregulate antigen-specific

B-cell responses. Accordingly, FcγRIIB deficiencies have been associated with B-cell hyperactivity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and mouse models of lupus. However, we have previously shown that murine Raf inhibitor drugs IgG2a-autoreactive AM14 B cells respond robustly to chromatin-associated IC through a mechanism dependent

on both the BCR and the endosomal TLR9, despite FcγRIIB coexpression. To further evaluate the potential contribution of FcγRIIB to the regulation of autoreactive B cells, we have now compared the IC-triggered responses of FcγRIIB-deficient and FcγRIIB-sufficient https://www.selleckchem.com/products/poziotinib-hm781-36b.html AM14 B cells. We find that FcγRIIB-deficient cells respond significantly better than FcγRIIB-sufficient cells when stimulated with DNA IC that incorporate low-affinity TLR9 ligand (CG-poor dsDNA fragments). AM14 B cells also respond to RNA-associated IC through BCR/TLR7 coengagement, but such BCR/TLR7-dependent responses are normally highly dependent on IFN-α costimulation. However, we now show that AM14 FcγRIIB−/− B cells are very effectively activated by RNA IC without supplemental IFN-α priming. These results demonstrate that FcγRIIB can effectively modulate both BCR/TLR9 and BCR/TLR7 endosomal-dependent activation of autoreactive B cells. Fc γ receptors (FcγR) play a major

role in the regulation of Ab-dependent effector mechanisms. Most FcγR+ cells express both activating and inhibitory receptors, and the magnitude and nature of the immune response depend on the balance of signals transmitted by each cell-specific combination of signals. By contrast, B cells express only the inhibitory receptor Fc γ receptor II B (FcγRIIB), and Non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase here it is believed to downregulate responses to antigens already bound by Ab 1. In accordance with its suppressive function, mice with a deletion in the FcγRIIB gene develop enhanced humoral responses to both foreign 2 and self-antigens 3. The level of FcγRIIB expression has been further correlated with systemic autoimmune disease in both animal models and patient populations. Systemic lupus erythematosus-prone mice such as NZB, BXSB and MRL/lpr inherently express lower than normal levels of FcγRIIB in activated or germinal-center B cells, due to polymorphisms in the FcγRIIB gene promoter 4.

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