The results show that in the functionalized device the carrier mo

The results show that in the functionalized device the carrier mobility is improved and does not depend on the high gate voltage. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3658846]“
“In the industrial operation of biotrickling filters for hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) removal, shock loads or starvation was common due to process variations or equipment malfunctions. In this study, effects of starvation and shock loads on the performance

of biotrickling filters for H(2)S removal were investigated. Four experiments were conducted to evaluate the changes of biomass and viable bacteria numbers in the biotrickling filters during a 24-d starvation. Compared to biomass, viable bacteria numbers decreased significantly during the starvation, especially when airflow was maintained in the absence of spray liquid. During the subsequent re-acclimation, all the bioreactors could resume high removal efficiencies within 4 d regardless Quisinostat in vivo of the previous starvation conditions. The results show that the re-acclimation time, in the case of biotrickling filters for H(2)S removal, is mainly controlled by viable H(2)S oxidizing bacteria numbers. On the other hand, the biotrickling filters can protect against shock loads in

inlet fluctuating H(2)S concentration after resuming normal operation. When the biotrickling filters were supplied with H(2)S at an input of lower than 1700 mg/m(3), their removal efficiencies mTOR inhibitor were nearly 98% regardless of previous H(2)S input.”
“The photoperiodic response is one of the adaptation mechanisms to seasonal changes of lengths of day and night. The circadian clock plays pivotal roles in this process. In Arabidopsis, LHY, CCA1, ELF3, and other clock proteins play major roles in maintaining circadian rhythms. lhy;cca1 double mutants with severe defects in circadian rhythms showed accelerated flowering under short days (SDs), but delayed flowering under continuous light (LL). The protein level of the floral repressor SVP increased in lhy;cca1 mutants under LL, and the late-flowering phenotype of lhy;cca1 mutants was partially suppressed

by svp, flc, or elf3. ELF3 interacted with both CCA1 and SVP, and elf3 suppressed the SVP accumulation in lhy;cca1 under LL. These results suggest that the unique mechanism of the inversion of the flowering response of lhy;cca1 under LL may involve both the ELF3-SVP/FLC-dependent and -independent pathways. In this work, elf3-1 seeds were mutagenized with heavy-ion beams and used to identify mutation(s) that delayed flowering under LL but not long days (LDs) or SDs even without ELF3. In this screening, seven candidate lines named suppressor of elf3 1 (self1), sel3, sel5, sel7, sel14, sel15, and sel20 were identified. Genetic analysis indicated that sel20 was a new deletion allele of a mutation in the blue light receptor, CRY2.

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